Energy intake from drink energy intake and foods are presented for men and women in summer and winter ( Dining table 2 ) in order to identify differences between seasons and sex. Regarding differences between seasons drink energy intake was higher in summer (p < 0.001)>
Investigations of your time consumption regarding all sources, together with itemized since the times out of beverages and you can off meals, time expenses projected regarding physical activity and effort balance on full test (group) during the wintertime and you may june and effort harmony anywhere between individuals.
Answers are showed because mean ± SD into usually marketed details so that as P50 (P25–P75) to own skewed of those. p-Viewpoints derived through the independent t-test towards usually delivered changeable and you can through the People-Whitney You-sample towards skewed ones. a relates to comparisons ranging from june and wintertime toward overall attempt (gents and ladies together); b means evaluations between people inside wintertime; c relates to reviews between males and females during the summer.
Year differences in drink times intake was basically seen when it comes down to categories of beverages, but juices. Particularly, milk/delicious chocolate whole milk coffee/coffee beverages and SSDs lead much more energy in winter months. not, during the summer alcoholic beverages lead highest times than in winter ( Dining table 3 ).
Review of energy intake out of categories of drinks towards the total sample through the cold weather and you will summer and ranging from folk.
Most of the details was exhibited since P50 (P25–P75). p-Beliefs derived from the Mann-Whitney You-test for the skewed parameters. a good means contrasting anywhere between summer and cold weather to your total sample (males and females to one another); b relates to reviews between gents and ladies inside cold temperatures; c makes reference to reviews ranging from women and men in summer.
The newest share out-of chosen drinks so you’re able to complete energy consumption try juxtaposed on their share to intake of water ( Table cuatro ). It would appear that coffees, milk/delicious chocolate whole milk and you will alcohol would be the chief Bright Women net members for opportunity consumption in winter months plus june, providing 79.5% and you may 69.5% off drink energy intake for the winter months and in summer. Solid foods considering, in cold weather and you can june, respectively, everything 78% and you may 74% off total opportunity consumption, if you are beverages 22% and you can 26%. It subsequent assessed, given categories of products. A portion of the members so you’re able to times intake had been dairy/chocolates whole milk, coffee/java drinks and you may alcohol considering, correspondingly, within the winter season 31.6%, thirty-five.7% and you may 12.2% along with summer 23.3%, twenty-two.2% and you may 24% out-of drink time consumption. Juices, SSDs, tea/herbal infusions, and milkshakes/sherbets contributed less times to daily intake ( Desk 4 ).
Share away from drinks in total intake of water (TWI), total energy intake (TEI), take in water intake (DWI) and you will drink opportunity intake (DEI) during the winter months and you can june.
A descriptive presentation regarding use of “SSDs” could be interesting since it suggests in more detail the contribution of several beverages. Use of SSDs consisted of good fresh fruit nectar which have sugar (32%), sodas which have sugar (63%) and energy/isotonic beverages (5%); consumption of ‘juices 100%’ contains fruit fruit juice (50%), and you will from manufactured juice 100% in the place of glucose stuff (50%); the intake of ‘tea/herbal infusions’ contained teas (69%), or other herbal infusions (31%), the intake of ‘milk/chocolates milk’ contains dairy (81%), chocolate milk products (6%) and cocoa drink (13%); and usage of ‘alcoholic drinks’ contains alcohol (43%), drink (46%) and other version of alcoholic drinks (11%).
The correlation between the contribution of drinks to water intake and to energy in winter and summer was linear (Pearson’s r = 0.713, p < 0.001>